Steps in validating a survey instrument Adult chatting rooms
"Non-testable" means that the research question cannot be answered by performing a statistical test.
As the process continues, the goals become more clearly defined and the research issues are narrowed.
Development of a valid and reliable questionnaire is a must to reduce measurement error.
Groves (1987) defines measurement error as the "discrepancy between respondents' attributes and their survey responses" (p. Development of a valid and reliable questionnaire involves several steps taking considerable time.
Systematic development of questionnaires is a must to reduce many measurement errors.
Following these five steps in questionnaire development and testing will enhance data quality and utilization of research.
There are basically two kinds of research questions: testable and non-testable.